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The definitive history on the foundation of the Breed.

Author: Jean-Marie Van Bustele.
Translator/publisher: V.Brideau

On the European Continent and many countries around the world shows are conducted under Federation Cynologique International rules.

In the FCI system, the Breed is is found in Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs.  The Breed is also classified into types and in some countries the varieties cannot be interbred.

 

The Breeds found within Group 9 are as follows:


Section 1 : Bichons and related breeds

1.1 Bichons
1. Central Mediterranean Region (Italy)
Maltese                  
2. Western Mediterranean Region
Bichon Havanais  (Havanese)                   
3. Belgium/France
Bichon à poil frisé (Bichon Frise)                   
4. Italy
Bolognese  (Bolognese)                   


1.2 Coton de Tuléar
1. Madagascar (France)
Coton de Tuléar                    

1.3 Petit chien lion
1. France
Petit chien lion  (Little Lion Dog) (Lowchen*webmaster clarification NOT FCI)                  


Section 2 : Poodle

1. France
Caniche  (Poodle)                   
a) Standard
White
Black
Brown                
Grey
Orange fawn (Apricot)
Red fawn                
b) Medium
White
Black
Brown                
Grey
Orange fawn (Apricot)
Red fawn                
c) Miniature
White
Black
Brown                
Grey
Orange fawn (Apricot)
Red fawn                
d) Toy
White
Black
Brown
Grey
Orange fawn (Apricot)
Red fawn                

Section 3 : Small Belgian Dogs

3.1 Griffons

1. Belgium
Griffon belge  (Belgian Griffon)
(webmaster comment - any colour other than clear red allowed by Standard - rough coat)  
Griffon bruxellois  (Brussels Griffon)
(webmaster comment - clear red only - rough coat)   

3.2 Petit Brabançon

1. Belgium
Petit Brabançon  (Small Brabant Griffon)
(webmaster comment - smooth coat - any colour)   


Section 4 : Hairless Dogs

1. China (Great Britain)
Chinese Crested Dog                   
a) Hairless                   
b) Powder Puff with veil coat                   

Section 5 : Tibetan breeds

1. Tibet (Great Britain)
Lhasa Apso                   
Shih Tzu                    
Tibetan Spaniel                   
Tibetan Terrier                   

Section 6 : Chihuahueño

1. Mexico
Chihuahueño (Chihuahua)               
a) Smooth-haired                   
b) Long-haired                   

Section 7 : English Toy Spaniels

1. Great Britain
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel                    
a) Black and Tan                   
b) Ruby                   
c) Blenheim (Rich chestnut markings on pearl with ground)                   
d) Tricolour                   

King Charles Spaniel                   
a) Black and Tan                   
b) Ruby                   
c) Blenheim (Rich chestnut markings on pearl with ground)                   
d) Prince Charles (Tricolour)        

Section 8 : Japan Chin and Pekingese

1. China (Great Britain)
Pekingese                    
2. Japan
Chin (Japanese Chin)                   

Section 9 : Continental Toy Spaniel (webmaster comment:  Papillon)

1. France/Belgium
Epagneul nain Continental  (Continental Toy Spaniel)                   
a) Papillon (with erect ears : 1,5 - 2,5 kg/2,5 - 4,5 kg)
b) Phalène (with drooping ears : 1,5 - 2,5 kg/2,5 - 4,5 kg)                   

Section 10 : Kromfohrländer

1. Germany
Kromfohrländer              

Section 11 : Small Molossian type Dogs

1. France
Bouledogue français  (French Bulldog)                   
a) Uniformly fawn, brindled or not, with limited white patching                   
b) Fawn, brindled or not, with medium or predominant white patching

2. Great Britain
Pug                    
a) Fawn with black mask                   
b) Black                   
c) Silver                   
d) Apricot with black mask                   

3. U.S.A.
Boston Terrier